700292 :History of Philosophy, from Descartes to Nietzsche

General info

Instruction language English
Type of Instruction 14 x 2 hours lectures + 14 x 2 hours mentoring (Lecture schedule)
Type of exams (Examination schedule)
Level:Bachelor
Course load:6 ECTS credits
Registration:Enrollment via Blackboard before start of lectures
Blackboard InfoLink to Blackboard (When you see 'Guest are not allowed in this course', please login at Blackboard itself)

Lecturer(s)


dr. S. Yazicioglu (coordinator)


Objectives

Upon successful completion of the course, you will be able:

  1. To reconstruct the main arguments developed by leading philosophers of the modern period (such as Descartes, Hume, Kant and Nietzsche).
  2. To understand and analyze historical texts by reconstructing their context, their goals and their specific targets.
  3. To place different authors within a coherent chronological narrative and explain their reciprocal relationships and filiations
  4. To engage with historical philosophical arguments critically, evaluating their strengths and weaknesses, presenting objections and considering replies


Contents

 

The course offers an examination to the formation of modern philosophy and the dominating philosophical aspects of the period between the 17th and 20th century. Those aspects and debates will be inspected in light of some of the leading philosophical currents and philosophers’ texts of the period. As those texts expose, the decisive importance of modern philosophy is not limited to the novelty in epistemological and ontological premises it brings, but extends to its strong emphasis on critical thinking and the subject. Thus, the main aim of the course is to emphasize the transformative character of the modern period both in itself and for the rest of philosophical discourse.

 

Three major questions both historically and systematically will be leading the selected readings:

. What is the prior source of our knowledge of the external world?

. What are the premises of the formation of critical thinking towards the philosophical tradition?

. What are the new premises of a transforming self and society?

 

Every lecture will be divided into two parts: in first part, we will examine the theoretical background of the problem, and in the second part, selected primary texts will be discussed.

 

Topics and Lectures

 

I. Major Philosophical Premises of Modern Philosophy I: Rationalism

 

1. Descartes and the idea of the “method”

2. Cartesian Dualism: mind and body / subject and object

3. Spinoza and his criticism through dualistic metaphysics

 

II. Major Philosophical Premises of Modern Philosophy II: Empiricism

 

4. British Empirical School

5. Hume and Skepticism

6. Social Theories of the period (Locke and Hobbes)

7. Revision Week

 

III. Metaphysics and History: Idealism, Materialism, Romanticism, Historicism

8. Kant

9. Hegel

10. Marx and Schopenhauer

11. Dilthey and Hermeneutics

 
IV. Critical Aspects: Overcoming Polarizations

12. Kant and Modernity

13. Nietzsche

14. Revision Week

 


Specifics

Course specific skill: primary text reading (interpretation, explanation)

The tutorials are obligatory (see blackboard for details)


Compulsory Reading

  1. Information available before the start of the course.


Recommended Reading

  1. Information available before the start of the course.


Required Prerequisites

no prerequisite required


Compulsory for

  • Bachelor Philosophy ( 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 )
  • Bachelor Wijsbegeerte: Leraar Filosofie(uitstroomprofiel onderwijs) ( 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 )
  • Bachelor Wijsbegeerte: uitstroomprofiel ondernemen ( 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 )
  • Bachelor Wijsbegeerte: uitstroomprofiel onderzoek ( 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 )
  • Premaster Ethiek van Bedrijf en Organisatie: deeltijd ( 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 )
  • Premaster Ethiek van Bedrijf en Organisatie: voorjaar ( 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 )
  • PremasterPhilosophy of Contemporary Challenges: Deeltijd ( 2017 )
  • PremasterPhilosophy of Contemporary Challenges: Voorjaar ( 2017 )
  • PremasterPhilosophy of Humanity and Culture: Voorjaar ( 2017 )
  • Premaster Philosophy, Science and Society: deeltijd ( 2014, 2015 )


Recommended option for

  • Bachelorminor: Wijsbegeerte ( 2014 )

(18-jul-2017)