840017 :Homer's Army: The Legacy of an Unacknowledged Legislator


Voertaal Engels
Werkvorm: 12 lectures of 3 x 45 minutes (Collegerooster)
Tentamenvorm: Midterm Paper (50%) and Oral Final Exam (50%) (Geen informatie over tentamendata bekend)
Studielast:6 ECTS credits
Inschrijving:Inschrijven via Blackboard voor aanvang colleges
Blackboard informatieniet beschikbaar in Blackboard


dr. D.J.M.S. Janssens (coördinator)

Doel van de cursus (alleen in het Engels beschikbaar)

After completing the course “Homer’s Army: the Legacy of an Unacknowledged Legislator”, the student is able:

1. To outline the basic narrative structure of Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey;

2. To compare the principal events and characters of Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey;

3. To interpret the literary strategies deployed in Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey (metre, epithets, similes, ecphrasis, flashbacks, repetitions, emplotment);

4. To discuss orally and in writing the general themes of Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey (restorative and distributive justice; authority and power; love and war; hostility and hospitality; appearance and reality; animality, humanity and divinity; mortality and immortality; suffering and knowledge);

5. To discuss the principal theoretical difficulties in reading and interpreting Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey (epic fiction and historical reality; authorial identity);

6. To discuss orally and in writing Homer’s influence on major works of classical Greek and Roman literature (Archaic Poetry, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Vergil, Ovid).

7. To analyze and interpret classical Greek and Roman literature in the light of Homer’s influence, focusing on recurrent themes and issues (see 4 and 5) as well as on differences between the Greek and Roman reception of Homer.

Inhoud van de cursus (alleen in het Engels beschikbaar)

If, as Shelley asserts, "poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world", perhaps the case par excellence is Homer. Somewhere between the 9th and the 8th century BC, he allegedly composed two long poems: the Iliad, an account of the war between Greeks and Trojans, and the Odyssey, which relates the adventures of Odysseus, a Greek warrior returning home after the war.

In many respects, the period we now call Antiquity (ca. 8th century BC - 5th century AD) understood and organized itself with constant reference to these two poems. For more than a millennium, people turned and returned to them for all kinds of purposes: poets found in them an inexhaustible source of plots, themes and characters; rulers and citizens alike were inspired to emulate the Homeric heroes in speech and deed; and military commanders, seafarers and artisans perused them to learn the tricks of their respective trades. Celebrated as the "teacher of the Greeks", Homer subsequently became the educator of the Romans, as his work continued to captivate poets, politicians and people in general.

In this course, we will study Homer's work both from the inside and from the outside. From the inside, we will look at various literary devices used by Homer to convey his ideas (composition, the use of meter, rhythm, similes etc.). From the outside, we will look at the impact of the two poems on Antiquity, by studying several major works from ancient literature that were influenced by Homeric epic. Moreover, we address some questions that have puzzled readers through the ages, such as: who was Homer? Did he really exist at all? And what about the historical accuracy of his poems?

Bijzonderheden (alleen in het Engels beschikbaar)

For non-LAS students the number of places in this course is limited. For registration, please contact Tessa Leesen (t.g.leesen@tilburguniversity.edu) at least three weeks prior to the start of the course.

Verplichte literatuur

  1. Homer, The Iliad (translated by Robert Fagles), Penguin, 1998, ISBN 9780140445923.
  2. Homer, The Odyssey (translated by Robert Fagles), Penguin, 1997, ISBN 9780140268867.
  3. Further reading materials will be assigned during the course..

Aanbevolen literatuur

  1. Alberto Manguel, Homer's The Iliad and the Odyssey: A Biography, Atlantic Books, 2007, ISBN 9781843544029.
  2. Eva Brann, Homeric Moments: Clues to Delight in Reading the Odyssey and the Iliad, Paul Dry Books, 2002, ISBN 09697967570.
  3. Seth Benardete, Achilles and Hector: The Homeric Hero, South Bend, Ind, St. Augustine's Press, 2005, ISBN 1-58731-001-5.
  4. Seth Benardete, The Bow and the Lyre: A PLatonic Reading of the Odyssey,, Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield, 1996, ISBN 0847683672.

Vereiste voorkennis

Curiosity, Pen, and Paper

Verplicht voor

  • Liberal Arts and Sciences: Elective major Humanities: European History and Culture ( 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 )